Dizziness is a feeling of being lightheaded, unsteady, or off-balance. It may or may not occur with a headache. Dizziness worsens by walking, standing up, or moving your head. Hence, it interferes with the activities of daily living. Dizziness is a symptom and not a disease. It can have a gradual or sudden onset and can result from several causes.
Common causes are-
- Middle ear infection or vestibular disorders like BPPV- In this condition, dizziness happens along with a spinning sensation known as vertigo.
- Stress or anxiety-Chronic stress affects the hormone balance, which in turn leads to dizziness. Dizziness is also commonly experienced during anxiety attacks.
- Dehydration-It leads to a drop in blood pressure and results in dizziness.
- Migraine-It is a pulsating kind of headache felt on one side of the head. Dizziness usually precedes the onset of the migraine.
- Certain medications like antidepressants, antihypertensive drugs, and sedatives make people dizzy.
- Chronic alcoholism.
- Postural Hypotension-A sudden drop in systolic blood pressure after sitting up or standing too quickly also results in a brief period of faintness and is known as orthostatic hypotension.
- Low blood sugar levels or hypoglycemia leads to dizziness along with sweating and anxiety.
- Neurological conditions like Parkinson’s disease and Multiple sclerosis are also one of the causes.
- In Serious conditions, like Cardiovascular disorders (Heart attack) or stroke, dizziness is experienced with other symptoms.
- Iron deficiency anemia
Dizziness accompanied by other symptoms may be a sign of a serious medical condition and must be examined by the Doctor.
Depending upon the etiology, some cases of dizziness are preventable by maintaining good hydration and sugar levels. Ensure iron-rich diet. Avoid suddenly getting up from a lying position to avoid orthostatic hypotension. Do relaxation exercises to combat stress. Balance exercises and Epley’s maneuver help with dizziness associated with vertigo.
STAY INFORMED! STAY HEALTHY!